Wednesday, December 16, 2009

Timings of Namaz - 2 (Ishraq, Chast, Zohar, Jummah)

Listen to the audio:

SALIENT POINTS:
  • It is important to offer each salaah at its time. We cannot offer a salaah before it's time.
  • It is important to deliver the truth according to Sunnah to people -- even if they feel bad about it. (55.56)

ISHRAAQ TIME:
  • This is one of the Nafl Salaah that is offered between the time of Fajr and Zohar. It falls early in the morning.
  • A person who sits in his place after offering Fajr Salaah and indulges in remembrance of Allah ST till the time of Ishraaq and then offers ishraaq gets the reward of One Umraah!
  • Ulema suggest that sitting in the same place in Musallah is not essential - but it is important that the person should be involved in remembrance of Allah ST. (2.40)
  • If a person sits in the same place it is very good -- however, if a person moves around, but is involved in remembrance of Allah ST, it is also allowed.

CHASHT TIME:

  • This is the Salaah when the sun has risen and is bright in the sky.
  • wah-waye-kubra: Some Ulema think that there is a time just before Zohar where Nafl Salaah should not be offered. This time occurs just before the sun is at it's zenith.
  • The way to calculate this was to find the time of sunrise and the time for sunset. The median of this was declared as the time of wah-waye-kubra.
  • They were of the opinions that 30/40 minutes before this time, Nafl Salaah should not be offered. (Alama Shaami RA was such one scholar.) It is considered Makrooh.
  • Even today, some Hanafi Muftis are of the opinion and recommend that we drop praying any Nafl during this time. (8.10)
  • Some Hanafi Muftis disagree with the above opinion. They are of the opinion that the person who suggested this tradition was not a reliable one. However, they do agree that at the peak Zawaal time, salaah should not be offered. (Leave salaah about 5/10 minutes before zawaal.)
  • It is up to you to follow either of the above opinions. Both opinions are offered by honorable and knowledgable Ulema and Muftis. (12.55)


ZOHAR TIME:


















  • The time for zohar starts just after the sun crosses the zenith point. This is also called Nisfur-Nahaar.
  • In case you need to find the time yourself, the best way is to place an object, like a stick, on the ground and keep track of the end of the shadow every five minutes or so. A time comes at noon when the shadow neither decreases nor increases. Mark this point. Measure the lenght of the shadow now. This is also called "Saya-e-Asli" (Real Shadow.)
  • This is the time of zenith! After this point, when the shadow starts extending and the time of Zohar starts. (Time 17.20)
  • Again, keep marking the shadow as it lengthens. When the shadow reaches the size of the stick, when measured from the "Saya-e-Asli", mark the spot. This point is called the "Misal" (misul) (20.30) (Basically, this length is the length of the stick + the Real Shadow that we marked earlier.)
  • When the shadow, when measured from the "Saya-e-Asli" -- not from the base of the stick, becomes twice the length of the stick it is now double "Misal".
  • According to Imam Hanafi (RA) the time for zohar ends at this point!
  • However, according to other Imams (Shafi/Hambali RA) the time for zohar ends at One Misal! (23.10) So, for these Imams the time of zohar is very less and the time of Asr is long.
  • According to Imam Hanafi RA the time for zohar is more and Asr is less.
  • Best thing to do: Read Zohar before first Misal. Read Asr after second Misal. This way we can avoid any arguments and be safe. In case some one could not pray Zohar in first Misal, people following the Hanafi maslak can still offer it in the second Misal and their Salaah is not considered Qazaan.
  • The sun and shadow method is very reliable in finding the right time for Salaah. Our beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam and the sahab also followed this method.
  • However, if you find a masjid or Jamaat where Asr is prayed earlier than your maslak, follow them! Don't offer your Salaah alone. Jamaat has more importance than various other recommendations.
  • Mufti Saheb recommends that we chalk out the time for Salaah ourselves. This will help us in following the steps of our Aimmah. (32.00)
  • Our beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam recommended that we pray Zohar during summers when it becomes a little cooler (a little later) -- not at the peak of heat! The heat is from Hell. (38.00)
JUMMAH TIME:
  • Our beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam always used to offer Jummah immediately after Zawaal -- irrespective of the weather.
  • After the first azaan of Jummah, any activity/business conducted is Makrooh-e-Tahreemi! It is very close to haraam! If a contract was made during this time, this contract shall be voided, forgiveness asked from Allah ST and re-work on the contract at a later time.
  • As soon as we hear the azaan, we shall be involved in preparing for Jummah - No other activity is accepted. Even a Mufti cannot write a fatwa during this time! No student can learn anything during this time!
  • Not much time should be given after the first azaan -- the khutba should be small and the prayers offered immediately.
  • As soon as zawaal starts, stop doing every work -- the time for first azaan has started.
  • Pray salaah at the masjid where salaah is offered earlier.
  • Allah ST also mentions in the Quraan (Surah Jummah) that one should rush/run towards remembrance of Allah ST (towards prayers) on the days of Jummah. He commanded us to let go of buying/selling things at this time! If you know, this is good thing for you - and after Salaah, then spread around and get back to your business.
  • Ladies read Salaah immediately after the first Azaan! (54.40)
  • Is reading Surah Kahf allowed?

2 comments: