Left Blank intentionally...
How to perform Wadu and its fard, Sunnah and Mustahab are covered....
Now we go to what breaks the wadu and such....
Monday, June 17, 2013
- Our beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam, on the day of judgement will identify his followers because of the shine they will have by the Wadu they performed in this world. The question is, if our beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam is going to identify us by the shine of our Wadu, was Wadu unique to the muslims? Did nations before us ever had a form of Wadu? How would our Prophet distinguish us from them ?
The scholars are of the opinion that surely other nations before us also had some form of Wadu. It is a unqiue blessing on this Ummah by our Lord, our Creator. The wadu of this Ummah will have the after effects of a shining and radiating hands, feet and face. Other people who performed Wadu would not have the radiant features in the hereafter.
- Allah ST has commanded in the Quran that when we decide to pray, we should do Wadu. The fard acts mentioned are Ghusal (washing) of the hands, face and feet and Masa (wiping) a part of our head.
- If you consider the Arabic language:
Ghusal (wash): face, both hands and legs.
Masa (wiping) of head.
In Ghusal, water needs to FLOW through the parts of the body mentioned. This is Fard.
Rubbing and massaging of those parts is Sunnah. Rubbing is essential because sometimes water may not reach in certain parts of the body very easily: like under the hair (like beard), or back side of the arm, etc.
- If "flowing" of water is essential in wadu, how much water shall flow?
According to most Hanafi scholars, at least two drops of water should drop from the part of the body being washed. (46.59)
Some scholars are of the opinion that even one drop of water is enough.
Imam Yousuf RA is of the opinion that if water touches the parts of the body, that need to be washed, it is enough. No need for any drops of water to roll or fall down. This is important for people who are traveling in planes or those who live in West and cannot put their feet on the sink to wash them.
- While doing Masa of head, water should not drop from the head. That becomes Ghusal and is no longer Masa! That is why we we shake our hands to drop off all water drops, before we do Masa.
As stated in the previous post, reading duas during Wadu is Mustahab.
PRAYERS/ZIKAR DURING WADU:
- Before washing any part of the body -- but, not before rinsing your mouth/nose: read "Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem"
- OR read the second Kalimah: "Ash hadu-un- laa ilaha illalahu wadahu- laa sharikalahu, wa ash-hadunnaa -Mohammedun abduhu -was rasooluhu"
- OR read the durood-shareef
- OR read any of the duas jo "islaaf se mankoom hai"
The essence of all four is that a person should take the name of Allah ST during their wadu.
- It has come in hadith that our Beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam used to read the second kalimah, as noted above;
- Also, he used to read the dua, "allahumma ja-alni mina-tawaabeen - wa ja alni mina tahareen" (O Allah, make me amongst those who seek your forgiveness a lot, and amongst those who keep themselves clean." (31.10)
- Also, he used to read this "Allahu-maghfirli zambi wa wassili fi Daari, wa barikli fi rizkhi " O allah, please forgive my sins, and make my house wasi (huge and safe) for me so that I do not have to go out, and give barkat in my rizk (31.31)
- Also, he used to read this: "Subhana kallahuma wabi hamdi ka; ash hadu an laa ilaha illa anta; astagh firuka allahuma; wa atoo bu ilaik " O(32.30)
One can read any of the above four during the wadu.
REMEMBER: Islaaf had written duas to make it easy for us to learn duas to be read during wadu. However, people have started treating these duas a Sunnah! They have started learning duas and have started associating one dua with one action of wadu and treat them as Sunnah. These duas are not Sunnah. Sunnah is what has been written above. (34.20) Because of this wrong attitude of people, it is recommended that one do NOT read duas during the wadu. Just follow any one step from the four Sunnah described above.
Thursday, June 2, 2011
Please list to the audio file "Musthabbat of Ablution"
These acts of Wadu are those which do not carry any penalty if someone does not act on them, be it my mistake or on purpose. However, if someone acts on them then he gets rewarded for the act. These are optional acts and one should do them for the sake and love of our Prophet. These acts are those that our Most Beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam acted upong once in a while. These acts are not part of the Prophecy but were part of a custom or habits of the people of the time and area where our Most Beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam was from.
Anything that is declared Mustahab needs to have evidence that our Beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam did that act.
There are more than 20 acts which have been declared Mustahab. Some scholars have mentioned more than 50! We will talk about a few here:
- To prefer right over the left in acts where there are two parts of the body involved. Washing the right hand first, then the left hand; right arm before the left foot and so on.
- To wash the ears together. There is no preference of right ear over the left ear. However if a person has only one hand or clean only one ear for some reason, then the right should be prefered over the left.
- Wiping of the back of the neck during Masa is Mustahab. There is a hadith where our beloved Prophet Mohammed Salalahu-alaihi-wassalam explained that doing such an act of wiping the back of the neck during the "Masa" will prevent this persons neck being caught by the Azaab/Punishments chains during Qayamat. (16.30)
- Do not waste much water during Wadu. Even if a person is sitting near a river/sea, one should not use water more than needed. (Small carbon print!)
- Wadu is ibadat. Without the need, do not ask for help from anyone else for performing wadu. Perform your own ibadat.
- Sitting on a higher ground for Wadu is also recommended. This is because, a person can keep himself clean from any splashing water. Moreover, a person will not fall prey to was-wasye (doubtful thoughts) about his clothes being clean or dirty. (22.10)
- Try to face the Qibla during wadu. However if one is going to spit, one should not continue facing the Qibla. One should bend the head down so that the face is pointing downwards or turn left (if alone) and spit.This Ummah does not even know the basics of spitting !! And yet we dream of raising up as a civilization and setting up Khilafah !! (24.33)
It has been reported in a hadith that a person who spits towards the Qibla will have his spit collected and thrown on his face during the day of the Qayamah !! (27.21)
- To read a dua after washing of every part of the body is prefered. Next blog post speaks about the duas to read during wadu.
- To not speak while performing wadu is mustahab. However, if one has to speak for a reason, he can do so. (37.34)
- To wriggle the rings on the finger such that water reaches below the ring.
- To wet face, arms and feet before performing wadu during winter. This is because in cold, the skin becomes wrinkled and water might not reach all parts of the body during wadu. (38.50)
- Do not splash water while washing the face. Water could splash on your neighbor and might wet his clothes. This is a Makrooh act. To hurt other people by your act is Haraam!
- While washing the face, washing it from top to bottom and not from bottom to top. While performing Masa of the head, wipe from front to back. (43.20) Basically, wash the body from the "start" of that body part to the end. Similarly, while washing hands/feet, start from the fingers.
- To wipe the water after wadu is also good. But do not wipe off such that the skin becomes real dry. Leave behind a little wetness such that signs of wadu remain. (48.00)
- If a person utilizes a vessel or a container for performing wadu, he should fill that container with water for next wadu. This way, he will keep getting rewards/neki till he performs next wadu! Though the deed looks small, we do not know which act of ours will be loved by Allah ST and which Niyyah of ours will be accepted. All small deeds will add up to help us in the hereafter, Inshallah.
Remember a small deed like filling up gaps of line during salaah can be helpful too. A person who moves ahead to fill lines during Salaah, Allah ST will bring that person closer to Himself.
A person who makes Wadu at home and then goes to the masjid for Salah, each step of his gives him rewards. Allah ST raises his stature for each step that he makes. While he waits in the masjid for Sallah, for each minute he is there, one sin of his is forgiven.
A person who moves ahead to fill lines during Salaah, Allah ST will bring that person closer to Himself.ne
- Offering 2 rakat Nafl Salaah of Tahatul-wadu is Mustahab.
Friday, May 27, 2011
Continue to listen to the audio named "Ahere:" (25th Dec 06) below or visit the library
Sunnah Mukaida actions of Wadu: (26)
These are the acts of Wadu that our most beloved Prophet, Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam, used to perform most of the time. We shall also try to act on these steps regularly. If a person stops performing these steps altogether, then he is considered to be sinning.
The Sunnah acts are:
- Niyyah: Making niyyah of Wadu is Sunnah according to Hanafi scholars. However, it is Fard to make the niyyah according to Imam Shafi, Imam Malik and Imam Ahmed RA. If one makes Niyyah, then the person gets awards for performing Wadu.The niyyah that we need to make is that we are cleansing ourselves of dirt that prevents us from performing acts of Salaah. Or make niyyah that one is doing wadu for the sake and pleasure of Allah ST. Learn the dua "Nawaitu .. an salaati".(I made the intention of making wadu for Salaah, and for gaining the pleasure of Allah ST.)One can make the intention within the heart. One need not make the niyyah loudly.One should make niyyah before one says "Bismillah". Some are of the opinion that one should make Niyyah before entering the washroom.
- Bismillah: After making niyyah, one should recite Bismillah: Reciting Bismillah before begining the Wadu is Sunnah. In the eyes of Imam Ahmed and Imam Malik RA, reciting Bismillah is Fard.(38)If one has started performing Wadu, then later remembers and recites Bismillah, he has not acted on sunnah, according to a few scholars. Other scholars think that he did perform the Sunnah. They base their opinion on the hadith in Abu Dawood, where it states that if one recites Bismillah before eating the last morsel it is as if he has recited Bismillah on the whole meal. (41)
- Washing the hands: Another sunnah is washing of the hands till the wrists. Even if one has clean hands and yet washes them till the wrists, he is acting on Sunnah.If the hands are dirty, washing of the hands is Fard!
- Miswaak: - Another sunnah of Wadu is using miswaak.* Using of Miswaak was a very regular act of our Most Beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam. According to the Mother of the Believers, Aisha RAz, amongst the first acts of our Prophet Salallahu-alaihi-wassalam on entering the house was cleaning of his mouth with Miswaak!He used to perform miswaak before every Salaah, before going to sleep and used to keep his miswaak besides him while sleeping.He used to perform miswaak as soon as he finished eating.
- Rinsing of the mouth: - Rinsing of the mouth three times is another sunnah. One should rinse the mouth properly.The way to perform this act is by using fresh water all the three times and taking the water in the mouth and spit it out -- do not drink the water.Gargling, instead of just rinsing the mouth is preferred. However, while fasting, just rinse the mouth -- it should suffice. (50)
- Rinsing the nose: three times is another Sunnah. Take fresh water all three times, and rinse the inside of the nose.To blow the nose after rinsing the nose is also Sunnah. One should use the left hand for this act.
- Order: Washing of the mouth, followed by the nose is Sunnah. If one reverses these steps, one has performed Wadu but has acted against Sunnah.Using the right hand for both - cleaning of the mouth and the nose - is Sunnah. If one uses the left hand, he has not acted on the Sunnah.
[The rest is from another audio file: Sunnat's of Ablution]
- Qalal of beard: Another Sunnah is the qalal of the beard. If the beard is thick and one cannot see the chin, then it is mustahab to do qalal. If the beard is sparse and one can see the chin/cheek, then washing the face such that water reaches the skin of the face is must.
- Qalal of fingers/toes:One shall also do qalal of the fingers of the hands and the feet. This qalal is wiping the space between the fingers/toes. This makes sure that the spaces between the fingers also get wet.
- Three Times: Any part of the body that is Fard to be cleaned for Wadu, to clean them for the second and third time is Sunnah Muakidah. Cleaning them one time is Fard.
These Sunnah Muakidah acts need to be followed regularly. If one skips the Sunnah for a reason -- for example, it is very cold or water is limited or one is in a hurry, then he is not committing a sin. However, if one makes it a habit of skipping these Sunnah of washing the parts for three times, he is committing a sin (gunaahgaar.)
It is reported in a hadith (as reported in Kitab-u-Taharah/Ibn-Mahaj) that our beloved Prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alihi-wassalam performed Wadu cleaning his face/arms/feet and the wiping of his head one time each and stated that Allah ST does not accept the Salaah without theses steps.
Then at another time, he did wadu cleaning his face/arms/feet two-two times and wiped his haead (masa) once in the order they are supposed to be cleaned and mentioned that this is the wadu of a person whom Allah ST will bless with more sawaab. (26.22.)
Then at another time, he did wadu cleaning his face/arms/feet three-three times and wiped his haead (masa) once in the order they are supposed to be cleaned and mentioned that this is MY wadu and the Wadu of the Prophets (pbut) before me and a person performing wadu lesser than this (lesser than 3 times) or more than this is committing zulm (being unjust/wrongdoing). (Sunnah Acts of Wadu: 27.18)
- No more than Three Times: One should avoid using water at masjid to clean oneself more than 3 times.
** It is important to note that when speak about cleaning oneself one time, two time or three times, we are not talking about the count of times one fills one hand with water to clean oneself. For example, if a person takes water in the cup of his palms and washes his face and the face is not all cleaned and still has some dry areas, the count is not one yet !! When the whole faces gets cleaned, as per the requirement of the wadu, the count becomes one. Then the second count starts and so on. wipe (31.24)
- Masa of whole head: Wiping of the complete head (masa of the head) is sunnah. Wiping of one-fourth is Fard.
While doing Masa of the head, it is essential to clean the back of the neck but is a sin to wipe the front of the neck/throat!
Cleaning/wiping of the arms while performing Masa is also wrong!! A lot of people wipe their arms after cleaning their neck and think that it is part performing Masa. This is a major Sin. This is Biddah !!!
- Order: The order of performing wadu that appears in the Quran, that order is Fard. The complete order of performing wadu is Sunnah-Mukaidah.
- Continuous: It is Sunnah-Mukaida to complete the wadu continuously. To keep the wadu continuous, one needs to clean the next part of the body before the first part becomes dry. It is not Fard to complete wadu in one sitting. However, the reason for giving some time between the actions of wadu should be valid. For example, if a lady started performing wadu. After cleaning her arms she realized that she forgot something on the stove; she can go to the kitchen, remove the dish and come back and complete the rest of the wadu. Similarly, after a person starts performing wadu he runs out of water. To complete the wadu, he has to wait till he can fetch water from the well, or pump water to the water container on the roof, etc. In such scenarios the person need not restart his wadu but continue his wadu from where he stopped. This is allowed because there was a genuine reason. But remember, giving time between the steps of wadu should not become a habit !
To keep the wadu continuous, one needs to clean the next part of the body before the first part becomes dry.
Qalal should be done after one washes the face three times. (3.30)
** Qalal is makrooh when one is performing hajj or umrah ** During Qalal, there is a fear that one might break a hair or two from the beard. (4.50) During Hajj/Umrah one is not supposed to break any hair from the head/beard or any part of the body.
The way to do Qalal is to take water in the cup of the right hand and place the hand below the chin bone near the neck, and raise the hand such that the beard gets wet. (7.06) Then one shall pass the fingers through the beard. The plam of the hand shall be facing the neck/chin.
Qalal of the fingers of the feet should be done with left hand. Start with the small finger of the right foot and continue to the big toe of the right foot and continue to end qalal with the small finger of the left feet.
Sunday, May 1, 2011
Continue to listen to the audio named "Ahere:" (25th Dec 06) below or visit the library
FARD of Wadu:
The acts that are a must for Wadu to be valid are:
- Washing of the face.
- Washing of the arms/hands.
- Wiping of the head.
- Washing of the feet.
- First fard act of Wadu is washing of the face. Entire face, starting from the tip of hairline till the bottom of the chin needs to be washed. From one ear lobe to the other. This is fard. (53.00)
- In case of bald people or people with receding hair line, wadu area is from the place where hair line used to start from (or from the place where the forhead bone starts.) They do have to wash their scalp.
- On the other hand, for people whose hair line is further down on the forehead need to wash from the start of their forehead bone and *not* the start of their hair line. Washing of the hair that comes in this region of the face is Fard!
- In case of the facial hair, like the eye brow: if a person has very thick eye brow, he still needs to wash the part of the face below the eye brows properly. It is Fard for him to do so.
- Washing of the beards:
- Thick Beard: In case of a beard, if the beard is very thick and heavy: (56.15) The facial hair (and the growth below the chin) needs to be washed.For Wadu, it is better to cleanse the skin behind the hair of the beard, if possible.However, in case of ghusal, it is essential that the facial area behind the beard be cleaned.
- Sparse Beard:If the beard is thin and sparse and one can make out the area of the face behind the beard, then it is wajib to cleanse that area behind the beard. (57.25)
- Long Beard: For people with long beards: Rubbing (Mas'a) of the hair of the beard that dangles from the face is Sunnah. Not fard.
- Similar condition is for mustaches based on thickness or thinness of the mustache. If one grows mustache so long that it starts to cover the upper lip, then it is Fard to cleanse the area of the lips hidden by the mustache.
- The second Fard of Wadu is to wash the arms from the elbow to the tips of fingers. The elbow also needs to be washed as part of this ritual.
- If a hand of a person is cut off from above the elbow then he (obviously) is not obligated to wash that hand. However, if the stump of the hand is below the elbow, he needs to wash that part of the hand that is below the elbow. (3.00)
- One needs to wash all the fingers. So, if a person has more than 5 fingers, all of them need to be washed properly.
- The area below the finger nails, where dirt accumulates also needs to be cleaned.
- Nail polish, paint or dough can prevent water from reaching the areas of the hand that need to be cleaned. So, if a person has these on her fingers or hand, then the wadu will not be complete.
- However, the color of henna does not prevent water from cleansing the hands. So, using henna will not prevent from a complete wadu. (Clean off the henna powder and then do wadu.) 5.57
- If one is wearing a finger ring and it is too tight on the finger, it becomes Fard to wiggle the ring such that every part of the finger under the ring gets wet!
- If the ring is of loose fit, then it is not Fard, but Sunnah to wiggle the ring..(since the water will reach under the ring, anyways.)
Wiping of portion of head: (Masa)
- The third Fard is the Masa of the head. Masa means wiping with a wet thing. 1/4th of the head needs to be wiped (masa) (8.03)
- The command for Masa appears in the Quran. However, Quran has no command about the length of the head that needs to be wiped. We learn this from the acts of our beloved Prophet Mohamme dSalallahu-alaihi-wassalam. Hadith teaches us how much part of the head we need to wipe.
- Masa is to pass on the wetness... not to rinse/wash with water.
- Proper way to do Masa is to rinse the hands with water and then wait till water stops dripping from the hands and then passing on the wetness of the hand to head by sweeping the hand over the head.
- Masa can be done by a wet cloth, instead of wet hands !! (9.50)
- Sweeping a lump of snow/ice over the head such that the head gets wet is also a way to do Masa.
- If it rains, and the rain water pours on the head, then Masa is done..No need to wipe the head.
- How much of the head needs to be used for Masa? There are difference of opinions on this matter.
- Some are of the opinion that the size of the forehead is fard. That is about1/4th of the head is fard.
- According to Imam Malik RA, the whole head or most part of the head should be wet for Masa. (11.15)
How to perform Masa?
- Wet both the hands with water. Shake off excess water from the hands. When both hands are wet, place three fingers of both hands to be used for Masa, on the head near the forehead. Keep the two hands close to each other and then wipe the head with them. (14.02)
- If one does Masa over the part of the head that has no hair, it is valid.
- If one cannot use any one of the three fingers because of any reason (hurt/burnt/etc.) then one can use the remaining fingers along with the thumb or the palm of the hand.
- Masa can cover any 1/4th part of the head. There is no requirement of any side of the head. Masa can be done on the front or back or any side of the head.
Washing the feet: (16.00)
- Fourth fard id to clean/wash the feet till the ankles.
- Imam Mohammed, Imam Yousuf and Imam Hanafi RA are of the opinion that the ankles shall be included in the cleaning process. If one does not clean the ankles, then the wadu is not complete.
- If one looses part of one's feet, below the ankle, the remaining part of the feet needs to be washed for completing the wadu.
- If one has hurt their feet and cannot pass water over it, one should try to massage their feet with wet hands.
- If one cannot use cold water because of some wound, they should try to use warm or hot water.
- If one has wound on the feet and the covering skin is missing, one need not wash the open wound for completing wadu. Islam makes things easy for people.
- During winter months, feet of many people start start getting cracks. If one uses wax, vasline, etc. to cover these cracks, it is alright to wash over these - no need to remove them before wadu and reapply later on. One has applied the wax because of necessity.
- If one has a wound, and it is uncovered and blood or puss flows from the wound, then the Wadu breaks. One has to redo wadu.
- Water should "flow" through the parts of the body that are being cleaned. It means, we should enough water that water rolls over the parts of the body being cleaned.
- During winter months, feet of many people start start getting cracks. If one uses wax, vasline, etc. to cover these cracks, it is alright to wash over these - ino need to remove them before wadu and reapply later on. One has applied the wax because of necessity.
- If it rains and one gets soaked such that all the fars parts as mentioned above get soaked, then one has done his Wadu (though unintentionally.)
- Same is the issue when one swims in a river or a lake. (25)
Monday, April 18, 2011
Continue to listen to the audio named "Ahere:" (25th Dec 06) below or visit the library
Wadu is Fard (essential) for:
- Wadu for offering Salaah is Fard, if one is not in the state of ablution already.
- It is Fard to have Wadu for Funeral prayers.
However, if one is afraid that by doing wadu, one will miss the funeral prayers, they can do tayammum and join the prayers.(17.40)
- Offering the Sajdah-e-Tilawat requires wadu (mandatory Sajdah on reading certain ayaahs of the Quran, which require sajdah)
If one offers the Sajdah without wadu, then the Sajdah is not valid.
- It is important to have Wadu to touch the Holy Quran. It is important to have Wadu to touch a piece of paper with even ONE Ayaah of the Quraan!!! If one touches the paper without wadu, then one has committed a sin.
Allah ST made it mandatory to be "clean" before one touches the Holy Quran. Hanafi scholars have argued that "clean" mean "fully clean - with wadu".
Wadu is Wajib is for:
- Wadu during Tawaaf of the House of Allah is wajib.
If one does tawaaf without Wadu, then we need to see which tawaaf one was performing. Based on the tawaaf type, one needs to compensate for the misdeed. So, for FARD Tawaaf (like Tawaf-e-Ziyarah durig Hajj), if one does this tawaaf, without Wadu, then it is incumbent on the person to sacrifice one whole goat. If it was a nafl tawaaf, then one needs to give in charity about 2 kgs of barley and so on. (23.40)
Wadu is Sunnah for:
- When one goes to sleep. It is better to be in wadu when one is going to sleep at night. This sunnah is Ghaire-Mukaddah. It is also OK to do tayammum before one goes to sleep.
Wadu is Mustahab for:
- It is also preferred that one does wadu when one gets up in the morning from sleep.
- It is also preferred to be with Wadu all the time.
- It is also preferred to do wadu after one performs an act of Ibadah (even though he still has Wadu.)
- If one commits a sin like telling a lie or back biting, it is preferred to do Wadu. (27.47)
Such a wadu will surely not wipe out the sin. When one lies or back bites, then they need to repent and ask for forgiveness from the victim of the sin. Also all those people whom the lie was told, need to be informed of the truth. They also need to be told that indeed we are the ones who lied. This takes a lot of courage and Imaan.
- The ones who perform Ghusal on the dead, it is preferred that they do the ghusal themselves first. (31.08) Then they should perform Wadu after Ghusal.
- It is preferred to have Wadu when lending shoulders to carry a dead person.
- Ladies in their period should perform Wadu when it is time for Salaah -- so that they remain in the habit of preparing themselves for Salaah!
If these ladies perform wadu and sit and do Zikar/Ibadah at the time of Salaah, it is Mustahab.
- One needs to perform Wadu after getting angry!
- It is better to have wadu while calling the Azaan.
- It is better to have wadu when giving a Qutba. It is not a sin to give Qutba of marriage without wadu.
- While visiting the grave of our Most Beloved prophet Mohammed Salallahu-alihi-wassalam, it is better to be in the state of ablution.
- It is better to be in the state of ablution to even enter the Masjid-e-Nawavi.
- During the Sayee between Safaah and Marwah (during Hajj) it is better to be in state of ablution.
Wadu is makrooh:
- If one performs wadu and then does no form of ibadah/prayer and then wishes to perform wadu again -- this is makrooh: not a desired act.
Wadu is haraam:
- Unnecessarily wasting water from public sources (or from wells of masjids for public use) is haraam.
- Wasting of public water/resources while performing wadu is haraam.